About 40 p.c of COVID-19 conditions with excessive acute respiratory infection did no longer personal any historical past of contact with a favorable affected person or world budge, and they personal been reported from 36 districts of 15 states, an ICMR undercover agent stumbled on on Thursday while recommending these places for precedence containment measures.
A total of 104 of the 5,911 sufferers with excessive acute respiratory infections (SARI) tested certain for COVID-19, out of which 40 conditions did no longer remark any historical past of contact with a acknowledged case or world budge, in step with the undercover agent.
Furthermore, males accounted for greater desire of COVID-19 conditions and furthermore sufferers outdated above 50 years of age.
Consistent with the undercover agent, which has been published in the Indian Journal of Scientific Study, a total of (104) 1.8 p.c of the 5,911 SARI sufferers tested personal been certain for COVID-19.
These conditions personal been reported from 52 districts in 20 states and union territories.
“In all, 39.2 p.c COVID-19 conditions did no longer remark any historical past of contact with a acknowledged case or world budge,” the undercover agent said while two per cent reported contact with a confirmed case and one per cent reported recent historical past of world budge.
Recordsdata on exposure historical past was as soon as no longer readily obtainable for 59 p.c conditions.
The ICMR in its undercover agent highlighted that COVID-19 containment activities would possibly perchance perhaps merely peaceful be centered in districts reporting certain conditions among SARI sufferers and stated that intensifying sentinel surveillance for COVID-19 among SARI sufferers would possibly perchance perhaps merely be an efficient instrument to effectively use assets in opposition to containment and mitigation efforts, it said.
Sentinel surveillance among SARI sufferers can abet title the spread and extent of transmission of COVID-19, the Indian Council of Scientific Study said.
The SARI surveillance was as soon as initiated in the early section of the COVID-19 outbreak in India.
In India, the preliminary COVID-19 sorting out strategy integrated those that had world budge historical past with signs, symptomatic contacts of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 sufferers and symptomatic healthcare workers managing respiratory hurt/SARI.
As well, to trace the event of the epidemic in the early section, kept samples of SARI sufferers hospitalised since February 15 personal been furthermore tested for COVID-19 below the Virus Study and Diagnostic Laboratory Network (VRDLN).
As section of the undercover agent, SARI sufferers admitted at 41 sentinel net sites from February 15 onwards personal been tested certain for COVID-19 by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
For the length of the undercover agent, SARI sufferers personal been detected from eight districts in Maharashtra, six in West Bengal and 5 each in Tamil Nadu and Delhi.
The chances of getting infected among SARI sufferers increased from 0 p.c sooner than March 14, to 2.6 p.c by April 2.
In 15 Indian states, greater than 1 p.c of SARI sufferers personal been COVID-19 certain.
About a third of COVID-19 certain SARI conditions did no longer personal any historical past of contact with laboratory-confirmed case or world budge, and such conditions personal been reported from 36 districts in 15 states. These districts would possibly perchance perhaps merely peaceful be prioritised to map COVID-19 containment activities, the undercover agent stated.
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